a very good read…
1. An element of a culture or system of behaviour passed from one individual to another by imitation or other non-genetic means.
2. An image, video, piece of text, etc., typically humorous in nature, that is copied and spread rapidly by Internet users, often with slight variations.
“In a decaying society, art, if it is truthful, must also reflect decay. And unless it wants to break faith with its social function, art must show the world as changeable. And help to change it.”
– Ernst Fischer
Today is the anniversary of the Chernobyl disaster.
Two workers from the reactor four. Valery Ilyich Khodemchuk died immediately after the explosion. Body never found, likely buried under the wreckage of the steam separator drums. The other. Vladimir Nikolaevich Shashenok. Found unconscious and pinned down under a fallen beam, with broken spine, broken ribs, deep thermal and radiation burns. He died in the hospital without regaining consciousness. Compounded by a lethal dose of radiation.
Twenty nine fire fighters. They were called to the Chernobyl reactor no 4. They were not told how dangerously radioactive the smoke and the debris were, and may not even have known that the accident was anything more than a regular electrical fire: “We didn’t know it was the reactor. No one had told us.” They all died soon after.
Three divers. Valeri Bezpalov, Alexie Ananenko and Boris Baranov. The Chernobyl divers had the task of draining the pool of water that was located beneath the reactor. The only way of opening the pool and draining it was to dive into the radioactive water and open the gates.
8,328 liquidators were sent onto the roof of reactor four to remove highly radio active graphite and debris. Also the liquidators did a lot of cleaning up after the disaster, including the towns in the exclusion zone.
Soviet military badge and medal awarded to liquidators.
Four died in a single helicopter accident. Nikolai Aleksandrovich Hanzhuk, Leonid Ivanovych Khrystych, Volodymyr Kostyantynovych Vorobyov and Oleksandr Yevhenovych Yunhkind.
Looters moved in as soon as the residents of Pripyat (and other towns in the exclusion zone) had moved out. They heavily looted the city.
It’s actually quite difficult to get accurate information, due to the constant suppression of information. i.e. one article said that liquid nitrogen was pumped into tunnel underneath the reactor. This never happened, even though it was planned.
Cement ended up being what was pumped in the tunnel to stop the reactor core from burning through to the underground water system. This was done to prevent a catastrophic explosion what would have killed tens of millions of people.
I’ve spent tens of hours sifting through information and video footage trying to get the facts. The numbers of people who died have been suppressed to this day, so it’s difficult to get accurate data.
If not now… when ?
– Eckhart Tolle
This is one of many Eckhart quotes i love…and is very appropriate for my current situation.
I have metabolic syndrome, and my doctor said i need to loose, (at minimum) 20 kilograms.
A while back i tried eating only salads for six months and didn’t loose any weight at all. This was very frustrating, so I gave up once again.
This time i’m more motivated for some reason…so i’m committed to loosing the weight.
Currently I’m three days fasting, and then, three days of food.
Once i start loosing weight I can change to two days fasting and five days food.
The key is NOT to overeat during the ‘food’ days. This is the most important thing.
Today is day nine, and i’m already feeling better (not bloated).
I’ve been studying up on the ‘Just-world’ theory, and found this article. Very interesting…
The just-world phenomenon is the tendency to believe that the world is just and that people get what they deserve. Because people want to believe that the world is fair, they will look for ways to explain or rationalize away injustice, often blaming the person in a situation who is actually the victim.
The just-world phenomenon helps explain why people sometimes blame victims for their own misfortune, even in situations where people had no control over the events that have befallen them.
Just-World Theory and Victim-Blaming
The just-world theory posits that when people do fall victim to misfortune, others tend to look for things that might explain their circumstances. In other words, people have an automatic tendency to look for something or someone to blame for unfortunate events. But rather than simply attributing a bad turn of events to bad luck, people tend to look at the individual’s behavior as a source of blame.
Conversely, this belief also leads people to think that when good things happen to people it is because those individuals are good and deserving of their happy fortune. Because of this, people who are extremely fortunate are often seen as more deserving of their good luck. Rather than attributing their success to luck or circumstance, people tend to ascribe their fortune to intrinsic characteristics of the individual. These people are often seen as being more intelligent and hard-working than less fortunate people.
The classic example of this tendency is found in the book of Job in the Bible. In the text, Job suffers a series of terrible calamities and at one point his former friend suggests that Job must have done something terrible to have deserved his misfortunes.
More modern examples of the just-world phenomenon can be seen in many places. Victims of sexual assault are often blamed for their attack, as others suggest that it was the victims own behavior that caused the assault.
Explanations for the Just-World Phenomenon
So why does the just-world phenomenon happen? There are a few different explanations that have been proposed to explain it:
- The fear of facing vulnerability. People do not like to think about themselves being the victims of a violent crime. So when they hear about an event such as an assault or a rape, they may try to assign blame for the event on the victim’s behavior. This allows people to believe they can avoid being victims of crime just by avoiding past victims’ behaviors.
- A desire to minimize anxiety. Another possible explanation for the just-world phenomenon is that people want to reduce the anxiety that is caused by the world’s injustices. Believing that the individual is completely responsible for their misfortune, people are able to go on believing that the world is fair and just.
Pros and Cons
The just-world phenomenon does have some benefits. Like other types of cognitive bias, this phenomenon protects self-esteem, helps control fear, and allows people to remain optimistic about the world.
Obviously, this tendency also has some major downsides. By blaming victims, people fail to see how the situation and other variables contributed to another person’s misfortunes. Instead of expressing empathy, the just-world phenomenon sometimes causes people to be disinterested or even scorn troubled individuals.
A Word From Verywell
The just world phenomenon might explain why people sometimes fail to help or feel compassion for the homeless, for addicts, or for victims of violence. By blaming them for their own misfortunes, people protect their view of the world as a safe and fair place, but at a significant cost to those in need.
This cognitive bias can be difficult to overcome, but being aware of it can help. When making attributions, focus on looking at all elements of the situation. This includes accounting for a person’s behavior as well as things such as environmental factors, societal pressures, and cultural expectations.
What though the radiance
which was once so bright
Be now for ever taken from my sight,
Though nothing can bring back the hour
Of splendour in the grass,
of glory in the flower,
We will grieve not, rather find
Strength in what remains behind;
In the primal sympathy
Which having been must ever be;
In the soothing thoughts that spring
Out of human suffering;
In the faith that looks through death,
In years that bring the philosophic mind.
– William Wordsworth